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Menene hanyoyin haɗa bawul ɗin malam buɗe ido zuwa bututun?

Ko zaɓin hanyar haɗin kai tsakanin bawul ɗin malam buɗe ido da bututun ko kayan aiki daidai ko a'a zai shafi yuwuwar gudu, ɗigowa, ɗigowa da zubewar bawul ɗin bututun.Hanyoyin haɗin bawul na gama gari sun haɗa da: haɗin flange, haɗin wafer, haɗin walda na butt, haɗin zaren, haɗin ferrule, haɗin haɗin kai, haɗin kai da sauran nau'ikan haɗi.

A. Flange haɗi
Haɗin flange shine aflanged malam buɗe idotare da flanges a duka ƙarshen jikin bawul, wanda ya dace da flanges akan bututun, kuma an shigar da su a cikin bututun ta hanyar ƙulla flanges.Haɗin flange shine nau'in haɗin da aka fi amfani dashi a cikin bawuloli.Flanges an raba zuwa convex surface (RF), lebur surface (FF), convex da concave surface (MF), da dai sauransu.

B. Haɗin Wafer
An shigar da bawul ɗin a tsakiyar flanges guda biyu, da bawul ɗin jikinwafer malam buɗe ido bawulyawanci yana da rami mai sakawa don sauƙaƙe shigarwa da matsayi.

C. Solder haɗi
(1) Haɗin walda na butt: Dukan ƙarshen jikin bawul ana sarrafa su cikin ɗigon walda bisa ga buƙatun walda na butt, wanda ya dace da ramukan walda na bututun, kuma an daidaita su akan bututun ta hanyar walda.
(2) Haɗin walda ta soket: Dukkanin ƙarshen jikin bawul ana sarrafa su bisa ga buƙatun waldar soket, kuma an haɗa su da bututun ta hanyar walda socket.

D. Haɗin zare
Haɗin da aka zare hanya ce mai sauƙi kuma ana amfani da ita don ƙananan bawuloli.Ana sarrafa jikin bawul bisa ga kowane ma'aunin zaren, kuma akwai nau'in zaren ciki iri biyu da na waje.Yayi daidai da zaren akan bututu.Akwai nau'ikan haɗin zare guda biyu:
(1) Rufewa kai tsaye: Zaren ciki da na waje kai tsaye suna taka rawar rufewa.Domin tabbatar da cewa haɗin ba ya zube, sau da yawa ana cika shi da man gubar, zaren hemp da tef ɗin albarkatun ƙasa na PTFE;daga cikinsu ana amfani da tef ɗin albarkatun ƙasa na PTFE sosai;wannan abu yana da kyakkyawan juriya na lalata da kuma kyakkyawan sakamako na rufewa.Yana da sauƙin amfani da adanawa.Lokacin da ake tarwatsawa, ana iya cire shi gaba ɗaya saboda fim ɗin da ba shi da ɗanɗano, wanda ya fi mai dalma da zare da kyau.
(2) Rufewa kai tsaye: Ƙarfin zaren zaren yana watsawa ga gasket tsakanin jirage biyu, ta yadda gasket ya taka rawar rufewa.

E. ferrule haɗi
An haɓaka haɗin ferrule ne kawai a cikin ƙasata a cikin 'yan shekarun nan.Haɗin sa da ka'idodin rufewa shine cewa lokacin da aka ƙara goro, ferrule yana fuskantar matsin lamba, ta yadda gefen ferrule ya ciji a cikin bangon waje na bututu, kuma saman mazugi na ferrule yana haɗa zuwa haɗin gwiwa a ƙarƙashin. matsa lamba.Ciki na jiki yana da kusanci da saman da aka ɗora, don haka za'a iya hana zubewa cikin aminci.Irin su bawuloli na kayan aiki.Fa'idodin wannan nau'in haɗin gwiwa sune:
(1) Ƙananan ƙananan, nauyi mai sauƙi, tsari mai sauƙi, sauƙin rarrabawa da haɗuwa;
(2) Ƙarfin haɗin gwiwa mai ƙarfi, amfani mai yawa, juriya mai tsayi (1000 kg / cm 2), zafi mai zafi (650 ° C) da girgiza da girgiza;
(3) Za'a iya zaɓar nau'ikan kayan aiki, dacewa da lalata;
(4) Abubuwan buƙatun don daidaiton mashin ɗin ba su da yawa;
(5) Ya dace don shigarwa mai tsayi.
A halin yanzu, an karɓi hanyar haɗin ferrule a cikin wasu samfuran bawul ɗin ƙananan diamita a cikin ƙasata.

F. Ƙarƙashin haɗin gwiwa
Wannan hanyar haɗi ce mai sauri, tana buƙatar kusoshi biyu kawai, kumada tsagi karshen malam buɗe ido bawulya dace da ƙananan matsa lambamalam buɗe idowadanda galibi ana wargaje su.kamar sanitary valves.

G. Haɗin haɗa kai na ciki
Duk siffofin haɗin da ke sama suna amfani da ƙarfin waje don kashe matsa lamba na matsakaici don cimma hatimi.Mai zuwa yana bayyana hanyar haɗin kai ta hanyar amfani da matsakaicin matsa lamba.
Ana shigar da zoben hatiminsa a mazugi na ciki kuma ya samar da wani kusurwa tare da gefen yana fuskantar matsakaici.Ana watsa matsa lamba na matsakaici zuwa mazugi na ciki sannan zuwa zoben rufewa.A kan mazugi na wani kusurwa, an samar da dakarun sassa guda biyu, daya tare da layin tsakiya na jikin bawul yana daidai da waje, kuma ɗayan yana danna kan bangon ciki na jikin bawul.Ƙarfi ta ƙarshe ita ce ƙarfin da ke damun kai.Mafi girma matsakaicin matsa lamba, mafi girma da ƙarfin ƙarfafa kai.Sabili da haka, wannan nau'i na haɗin kai ya dace da manyan bawuloli.
Idan aka kwatanta da haɗin flange, yana adana abubuwa da yawa da ma'aikata, amma kuma yana buƙatar wani nau'i mai mahimmanci, ta yadda za a iya amfani da shi da aminci lokacin da matsa lamba a cikin bawul din ba ya da yawa.Bawuloli da aka yi ta amfani da ƙa'idar rufewa kai tsaye gabaɗaya bawuloli ne masu matsa lamba.

Akwai nau'i-nau'i da yawa na haɗin bawul, alal misali, wasu ƙananan bawuloli waɗanda ba sa buƙatar cirewa ana yin su da bututu;wasu bawul ɗin da ba na ƙarfe ba suna haɗa su ta kwasfa da sauransu.Ya kamata a kula da masu amfani da Valve bisa ga takamaiman yanayi.

Lura:
(1) Duk hanyoyin haɗin kai dole ne su koma ga daidaitattun ma'auni kuma su fayyace ƙa'idodi don hana shigar da bawul ɗin da aka zaɓa.
(2) Yawancin lokaci, babban bututun mai diamita da bawul suna haɗa su ta hanyar flange, kuma ƙananan bututun bututu da bawul suna haɗa ta hanyar zaren.

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Lokacin aikawa: Juni-18-2022